Examining the Moderator Role of Gender in the Association Between Self-Reflection and Spirituality

Author/s: Hennira Rohyatin, Merlyn Ika R.P., Latipun Latipun, Iswinarti

DOI: 10.37898/spc.2020.5.3.109 

Year: 2020 Vol: 5 Number: 3

Abstract

Spirituality and religiosity are increasingly becoming a necessity for each individual in supporting the quality and well-being of life. Student involvement in self-reflection affects their spirituality / religiosity. This study aims to determine the relationship between self-reflection and spirituality/religiousness (S/R), which is moderated by gender. This research uses a quantitative approach with a correlational design. The study sample consisted of 124 students with a mean age of 19.4 years. The total sample was obtained from 98 women and 26 men. Sample selected from students majoring in Elementary School Teachers (PGSD) in various semesters with a purposive sampling method. Measuring instruments used are the Ironson-Wood Spirituality/religiousness Index (IWSRI) and The Self-Reflection and Insight Scale (SRIS). Data analysis using Process Macros. The results showed that there was a significant effect of self-reflection on spirituality/religiousness (B = 0.669; p = 0.000, ) and gender could not moderate the effect of self-reflection on spirituality/religiousness on students of Elementary School Teachers (PGSD) (B = -0.317; p = 0.369). Based on research conducted, it can be concluded that self-reflection significantly influences spirituality/religiousness, and gender is not able to strengthen or weaken the effect of self-reflection on spirituality/religiousness; thus, gender cannot become a moderator between self-reflection and spirituality/religiousness.

Keywords
Self-Reflection, Gender, Spirituality, Religiosity, Moderator Role

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