The Relationship between Spiritual Well-Being and Fear of COVID-19 in Individuals with Chronic Disease during COVID-19 Outbreak
Author/s: Mustafa Durmuş, Erkan Durar
DOI: https:// dx.doi.org/10.37898/spc.2022.7.1.159
Year: 2022 Vol: 7 Number: 1
The aim of this research is to determine the relationship between the spiritual well-being levels of individuals with chronic diseases and their fear levels of COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study was designed and conducted as cross-sectional and correlational research. The research was conducted with 323 individuals with chronic diseases living in Iğdır city located in the Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey between the dates 05th of June of 22nd of June of 2020. Data were collected using a personal information form, Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp), and Coronavirus Fear Scale (C19P-S). Mean, percentile distributions, and Pearson Correlation Analysis were used to analyze the data. It was determined that total score average of the participants on the FACIT-Sp was 28.94±5.61, and it was 59.43±16.71 for the C19P-S. It was determined that individuals’ spiritual well-being and fear of COVID-19 mean scores were moderate, while meaning, peace, and faith sub-dimension domains were above the moderate level. In addition, it was indicated that the psychological and social fear levels of were above the average, and their somatic and economic fear levels were below the average. A negative significant relationship was found between the levels of meaning, faith and peace in the spirituality sub-dimensions of individuals with chronic diseases and the fear of coronavirus. It was observed that as individuals’ spirituality increased, their fear of coronavirus decreased. It was recommended to provide telephone consultation service to individuals with chronic diseases during the pandemic to reduce their fear levels and inform them using mass communication methods.
COVID-19 • Fear • Chronic Disease • Spiritual Well-Being